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List of Chinese Gods


Heres a table of 80 Chinese gods in Chinese and English, Dialect, and Symbol and information.


God's Name (English) Chinese (Simplified) Chinese (Classical) English translation Dialect Symbol Notes
Ba Xian 八仙   Eight Immortals Phak Shian   Known as individual deities, they became associated together from the Yuan (元) on. The 8 are 钟离权 (zhōng lí quán), 张果老 (zhāng guŏ lăo), 吕洞宾 (lǔ dòng bīn), 曹国舅 (cáo guó jìu), 李铁拐 (lĭ tiĕ guăi), 韩湘子 (hán xiāng zĭ), 蓝采和 (lán căi hé), 何仙姑 (hé xiān gū). Often represented in a boat together.
Bao Sheng Da Di 保生大帝   Lord of Chinese Medication Bao Sheng Poh Seng Dai Thay Right hand holding on to the left sleeve Also known as 吴真人 (Wu Zhen Ren) or 大帝爷 (Da Di Ye). Pls refer to the following link: http://javewu.multiply.com/photos/album/107
Bei Dou Xing Jun 北斗星君 Star Lord of Northern Dipper Pok Theo Shin Khun/Phak Thao Shin Khun/ Pak Tao Chay Koon Appear in Black face and holding on to a whisk/gourd Bei Dou Xing Jun is the Stellar God of the North Star and is associated with the time of an individual’s birth. Pls refer to the following link: http://javewu.multiply.com/photos/album/230
Cao Guo Jiu 曹国舅     Cho Kok Khoo Castanets Official holding imperial tablet. Patron: theatre. A Ba Xian (8 Immortals).
Cheng Huang   城隍       Cheng Huang is known as the God of the Walls, or where appropriate, the City God. Traditionally, every town or city in ancient China was surrounded by a protective wall (cheng (城)) comprising of two parallel walls and the space between filled with earth dug from just outside the wall, leaving a dry moat as an extra line of defense in front of the wall. Predating all major schools of religion, the worship of Cheng Huang dates back to the mythical era of the Sage emperor Yao (堯) (24th century B.C.E) when the emperor instituted a sacrifice to eight spirits, the seventh being Shui Yong (水庸) which corresponds to the wall and dry moat of a city, later known as Cheng Huang. Historically, Shui Yong has been worshiped since the Zhou dynasty and as Cheng Huang since the Song Dynasty. In Song dynasty Taoism, the City God evolved as a celestial magistrate directly answerable to the Jade Emperor. At the same time as being a protective deity of a town or city, he is feared in his role as judge of the dead. After an individuals death, Cheng Huang ensures that the correct soul is being sent either to the Courts of the Underworld or to the Western Heavens. The Ming dynasty Taoists gave the City God further powers over the fates of humanity, bestowed directly by Lord Lao, and effective in both the mortal world and in the afterlife. The Scripture of the City God Dispelling Disasters and Accumulating Happiness (Taishanglaozun shuo Chenghuang ganying xiaozai jifu miaojing (太上老君說城隍感應消災集福妙經)), which dates from 1376 C.E, details his new image and powers as follows. “This God: Heaven and Earth store his essence,Mountains and rivers support his power. He is majestic and numinous, shines fourth in glory, Representing the sage Tao, he is lofty and illustrious. Whatever one asks of him comes to pass, Like a shadow inevitably follows a shape. He has the authority of Heaven and orders all on Earth, Cuts off all evil and dispels all killing. He protects the state and guards the country, With great merit aids the Gods of soil and grain. He widely sends his sweet kindness down, To save all living beings far and wide. He commands eighteen perfected marshals, Has a million divine generals to his call. Accumulating merit and doing all good deeds, He has the proper rank of City God. With an authority foremost in all under heaven, He majestically suppresses the myriad forms of evil.” (Kohn, Livia. Daoism and Chinese Culture. Three Pines Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2001. p 180)
Chi Wang Ye 池王爷 池王爺   Tee Ong Ye Black face  
Da Di Ye 大帝爷     Tai Te Ia   See Bao Sheng Da Di
Da Er Ye Bo 大二爷伯     Twa Li Ya Peh   Refering to Constable Xie Bi An (謝必安) & Fan Wu Jiu (范無咎). Pls refer to the following link: http://javewu.multiply.com/video/item/8/8
Da Yu   大禹   Dhai Woo Holding on to a Paddle The first monarch and founder of the Xia dynasty, King Yu, or Yu the Great, Da Yu (大禹), has been remembered for saving both the people and the land from a great flood, and as such, has been deified as a Water God. There are many myths and legends of how Da Yu controlled the floods. In one story, he bored holes through mountains to drain the water, in another worked for thirteen years with twenty thousand men to fulfill the task, and in yet another, while working, he would increase his strength by transforming himself into a bear. Of historical interest is that his rule represented a transition to hereditary transference of power from father to son as opposed to transference based on merit. Of religious significance is that Yu the Great became deified as both a folk deity, and in the Taoist pantheon as the most prominent of five Water Gods, Shui Xian Zun Wang (水仙尊王).
Dong Fang Er Yuan Shi 东方二元师 東方二元師   Dhong Hong Lee Whan Shui   See Er Lang
Dou Mu 斗母   Mother Empress of the Dipper Tao Bo/Thao Beo 3 eyes, 4 faces & 8 arms 3 eyes to represent the 3 realms - heaven, earth/mortal, water. 4 faces to represent four directions/elements/seasons/miracle transitions. 8 arms to represent the Trigrams. Pls refer to the following links: http://javewu.multiply.com/journal/item/125 / http://juin987.multiply.com/journal/item/13
Er Lang Shen 二郎神   Heavenly General Yang Lee Lhong Shin Carries a three-pointed halberd; black dog by his side. Mother is the Jade Emperor's sister. Also known as Dong Fang Er Yuan Shi (东方二元师), Yang Jian (杨戬).
Fa Zhu Gong 法主公   Heavenly Marshal Zhang Huat Zhu Gong/Thiu Kong Seng Khun Black face & beard with wheels under feet. Also known as Zhang Gong Sheng Jun. Pls refer to the following link: http://javewu.multiply.com/photos/album/80 or pls visit this website: http://s15.zetaboards.com/ZhangGongFaZhuGong/index/
Fu De Zheng Shen 福德正神   Earth Deity Hock Theck Cheng Shin   In South East Asia known Tua Peh Kong. Pls refer to the following link: http://javewu.multiply.com/photos/album/108
Fu Xi   伏羲       Fu Xi lived in the mid 29th century BCE, was the first of the Three Sovereigns (三皇 sānhuáng) of ancient China. He is a culture hero reputed to be the inventor of writing, fishing, and trapping.Fu Xi taught his subjects to cook, to fish with nets, and to hunt with weapons made of iron. He instituted marriage and offered the first open air sacrifices to heaven. A stone tablet, dated 160 CE shows Fu Xi with Nüwa.Traditionally, Fu Xi is considered the originator of the I Ching (also known as the Yi Jing or Zhou Yi), which work is attributed to his reading of the He Map (or the Yellow River Map). According to this tradition, Fu Xi had the arrangement of the trigrams (八卦 bāgùa) of the I Ching revealed to him supernaturally. This arrangement precedes the compilation of the I Ching during the Zhou dynasty. He is said to have discovered the arrangement in markings on the back of a mythical dragon-horse (sometimes said to be a turtle) that emerged from the river Luo. This discovery is also said to have been the origin of calligraphy.
Gan Tian Da Di   感天大帝 Lord Gan Tian Gham Thian Dai Thay   One of the 四大天师. Born on 28th day of the 1st moon. In Taoism and Folks Culture, there are a few Gan Tian Da Di, one of the is part of the Four Heavenly Masters known as Xu Xun, another is Jie Zi Tui whom is an Official in the Ancient Chinese History, which later being forced to burn himself on Mountain Mian.
Guan Di 关帝 (關帝) General Guan/Emperor Xie Tian Guan Thay   See Guan Sheng Di Jun.
Guan Gong 关公 (關公)   Guan Khong   See Guan Sheng Di Jun.
Guan Sheng Di Jun 关圣帝君 (關聖帝君)   Guan Seng Thay Khun   Deification of 三国 (Three Kingdoms) general 关羽 (Guan Yu). Also known as 关帝 (Guan Di) or 关羽 (Guan Yu), 关公 (Guan Gong) or 协天大帝 (Xie Tian Da Di). Set against the backdrop of the declining Eastern Han Dynasty, a period in which both Taoism and Buddhism first flourished in China, 23 to 220 C.E., Guan Yu espoused both Confucian and Buddhist virtues. His celebrated military career began under the commander Liu Bei (劉備) during the Yellow Turban Rebellion, a peasant revolt against the Han Emperor Lingdi (漢靈帝) in 184 C.E., but ended unceremoniously thirty-five years later when he was executed along with his son in 219 C.E. However, it was his glorious career and honorable actions in the intervening period as well as the manner of his death that secured Guan Yu a celebrated status in Buddhism and Taoism. His life was one exemplifying the virtues of bravery, loyalty, uprightness and self-sacrifice. As a result, he is not only known as the God of War, but also of business, literature, police and gangsters. A key point in the life of Guan Yu was a brotherhood sworn in the garden of peach blossoms between Liu Bei (劉備), Zhang Fei (張飛) and himself. They pledged that, "Though not born on the same day of the same month in the same year, we hope to die so." This phrase has since been adopted by secret societies and brotherhoods in Chinese culture, thus accounting for his seemingly dubious position as both the God of Gangsters and of Police. Guan Yu never faltered from the vow taken in the garden of peach blossoms, which gained him the reputation for loyalty, a value much admired by Confucianism. As a general, he always fought bravely, but is honored as the God of War because he was a leader who observed the codes of brotherhood and righteousness. He was a “loyal, generous man who always did what was right. He used his immense strength to help the weak and disadvantaged” (Fisher: 16).. Therefore, he has also become recognized as the God of Business, as he is perceived to bless the upright and protect them from the dishonest. Finally, he is recognized as an alternative God of Literature due to his ability to recite complete tracts of literature from memory. Guan Yu has been worshiped in Taoism since the 14th century, when the forty-second Celestial Master, Zhang Zhengchang (張正常), included a legend of Guan Yu defeating another war god, Chi You, in a 12th century battle over a saltwater lake in his book, Lineage of the Han celestial masters (han tian shi shi jia 漢天師世家). In Mahayana Buddhism, Guan Yu is recognized as the Bodhisattva Sangharama (伽藍菩薩) and in this role, is the guardian of temples and the Dharma. He received Buddha’s teachings in 592 from the master Zhiyi (智顗) the founder of the Tiantai (天台宗) Buddhist sect in China.
Guan Shi Yin 观世音 (觀世音)   Guan Shay Yim   See Guan Yin

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